The Cripps Mission 1942 - An Attempt by The British Government to Gain India"s Support during WWII
During the early years of World War II (WWII), the British had to face tremendous setbacks. Japan had already attacked Pearl Harbor, the American Naval Base, on 7th December, 1941. Japan had also taken over the Philippines and Malaysia. They reached close to Assam. The thought and fear of Japan attacking India sent a chill down the spine of the British government. In order to get the support and cooperation of the Indian political parties for WWII, the British government sent Sir Stafford Cripps to India in March 1942. The proposals mentioned in the Cripps Mission were to be accepted after WWII.
Since the British suffered heavy defeats in the early years of the war, Lord Linlithgow, the then Viceroy of India, made several constitutional assurances to the Indian political leaders.
The Cripps Mission Proposal
The real motive behind Cripps" proposal
The hidden motive of the British government behind sending the Cripps Mission to India was to convince the Indian politicians to join hands with the British in fighting WWII.
The reasons behind the Cripps Mission failure
It lacked support from the British Prime Minister, Winston Churchill, the Viceroy of Linlithgow, and Leo Amery, the Secretary of State for India.
Reasons behind the rejection of the Cripps Mission by the INC
Reasons behind the rejection of the Cripps Mission by the Muslim League
Gandhiji referred to the proposals made by the Cripps Mission as a "post-dated cheque drawn on a failing bank."
Since the major political parties in India, i.e., the Indian National Congress and the Muslim League, rejected the Cripps Mission 1942 upfront, it failed to create any impact and did not go as planned by the British Government.
After the Cripps Mission failure, Cripps returned to England. This was followed by a huge outburst in India that resulted in the Quit India Movement in August 1942, under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi, which called for the Britishers to voluntarily leave India.