Dr. Narinder Singh Kapany—Rightly known as the Father of Fiber Optics
There are many scientists in India and overseas who have become popular due to their exceptional research, discovery, and service in the fields of science and technology. Dr. Narinder Singh Kapany was posthumously awarded the Padma Vibhushan, India"s second-highest civilian award, for his significant contributions to fiber optics. Dr. Narinder Singh Kapany, an Indian-American scientist, is an unsung hero for his work on fiber optics. He is credited to be the inventor of fiber optics.
Dr. Narinder Singh Kapany: Education and work
In 1961, Kapany founded a company named "Optics Technology Inc., which went public in 1967 with many acquisitions and joint ventures in the United States. For twelve years, Kapany was the chairman, director of research, and president.
He received more than 100 patents for research on fiber optics and lasers with applications in various fields like biomedical, defense, communication, and pollution control.
Educating young minds
He was a Regents Professor at the University of California, Berkeley, and at the University of California, Santa Cruz.
The history of fiber optics
Always remembered his motherland and Sikh heritage.
Even though Dr. Narinder Singh Kapany left India when he was young, he never forgot his motherland, Sikh culture, heritage, and roots.
Narinder epitomized Guru Nanak Devji"s teachings of "Kirat Karo, Naam Japo, Vand Chako" (earn honestly, meditate on God, and share with the needy).
The discovery of fiber optics
In his article published in 1960 in Scientific American, he cited that when light is allowed to pass from one end of a glass fiber, it emerges at the other end. Bundles of such glass fibers can be used to conduct images.
In the 1950s, Narinder wanted to return to India, but the plan never materialized. In 2019, Dr. Narinder Singh Kapany was nominated in the category of medicine for his inventions of various biomedical devices and instruments, which are widely used in the endoscopes, densitometers, high-resolution imaging, and minimally invasive surgery that we see today.
Dr. Narinder Singh Kapany was a multi-talented personality. He was not just a physicist and scientist, but also an entrepreneur, farmer, innovator, philanthropist, and an avid collector of Sikh heritage articles.
Dr. Narinder Singh Kapany left for his heavenly abode on 3rd December, 2020. He was 94. In 1999, Fortune magazine featured him as one of the "Unsung Heroes of the 20th century." Narinder Singh was a person who bent light in the true sense to transform the world.